Science and Technology is an essential element of socioeconomic development of nations. In recent times, emergence of new technologies, knowledge -based economies and globalization have made unprecedented impact on the human civilization. The developing societies would need to adjust to the pace of change of these developments and respond by evolving and implementing appropriate national S&T policies. There is a need to enhance their capabilities for establishing meaningful S&T policy and indicators for effective decision making. This publication reflects the views and experiences of scholars and policy makers resulting from the deliberations during the international conference on S&T policy research and statistical indicators held in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 8-10 November 2006. It includes contributions on perspectives on S&T policy and indicators from several developing countries, leveraging S&T policy for innovation and S&T policy implications in socio-economic sectors. The book presents significant insights on issuess and concerns on S&T policy research and statistical indicators in developing countries and is likely to be of immense value for various stakeholders.
xvii378p., col. plts., figs., 25 cm
Contents Part I: Perspective on S&T Policy and Indicators; Chapter 1: Strengthening science, technology and innovation for economic growth and poverty reduction in Mozambique by Venancio Massingue; Chapter 3: The South African STI policy as an indicator driven one: Approach, nature, size, performance and challenges by Hendrik Christoffe Marais and Simon Mpele; Chapter 4: Science and technology structure, statistical system and the current scenario in Sri Lanka by Seetha I Wickremasinghe; Chapter 5: Science and technology (S&T) development policy in Nigeria by Ettu Obassi; Chapter 6: S&T indicators in India and policy implications by Parveen Arora; Chapter 7: S&T indicators as enablers to R&D planning: The case of Knowledge intensive CSIRIndia by Naresh Kumar; Chapter 8: Indonesian S&T policy and development and S&T indicators by Dudi Hidayat; Chapter 9: A glance at the Iranian science and technology (S&T) indicators by Seyed Mohsen Masoumzadeh; Chapter 10: Statistical development of science and technology indicators in Malaysia by kamaruhzaman Mat Zin; Chapter 11: Science and technology in Pakistan: System of governance, status of development and current initiatives by Tariq Bashir; Chapter 12: The status of science and technology in Myanmar; Chapter 13: Science and technology in Nepal by Dilli Raj Joshi; Part II: Leverging S&T Policy for Innovation; Chapter 14: Measuring science, technology and innovatlion in developing Countries: The UIS experience by Ernesto Fernandez Polcuch; Chapter 15: Interactive policy research for rural innovation by Rajeswari Sarala Raina; Chapter 16: Collaborative links between academic and research institutions and industry for stimulating technological innovation and economic development: Need for science and technology policy initiatives and networking amongst NAM and other developing countries by M Bandyopadhyay; Chapter 17: Protection of intellectual property: Technology acquisition, adaptation and diffusion by Vinod Kumar Gupta; Chapter 18: Innovation and the role of IP system in Egypt by Janet Ibrahim Youseef; Part III: S&T Policy Implications in SocioEconomic Sectors; Chapter 19: AgricultureAssessing the role of local institution in adoption of innovations for sustainable agriculture in kenya by Lutta Muhammad and Paul GA Omanga; Chapter 20: EducationaTracer study of science and technology (S&T) graduates passed out from the university in Sri Lanka during 19982003 by P R M P Dilrukshi Ranathunge and Seetha I Wickremasinghe; Chapter 21: FoodFood security in Ghana: The development and diffusion of appropriate technologies by Sylvester Gyanfi; Chapter 23: Shelter importance of S&T in providing shelter by M W Leelaratne; Chapter 24: SocietyPopularization of science and technology in eastern zone of Tanzania