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Oil Palm
Rethinam, P and K L Chadha
2019, xxxviii+316p., figs., color phto., tbls., indx., 25cm
Weight :  750 gms
Binding :  Hard Bound
Height :  25 cm
Width :  15 cm
Imprint :  Daya Publishing House
Year :  2019

ISBN: 9789388173490
Status: LATEST(In Stock) 
Price: Rs 3495.00  

Oil Palm ( Elaeis guineensis Jacq) a perennial oil yielding palm with maximum oil potential of 18 t /of palm oil /ha /yr and achievable yield of 8 to 12 t oil /ha/ yr has brought about a revolution in the global vegetable oil economy over the years. With humble production of 1.2 million tons in 1960 it reached 49.0 million tons by 2017 occupying first position and pushing soya bean to second place. India introduced oil palm at the same time as Malaysia started its commercial plantations but remained at the bottom with the yields at poor levels . This book on Oil Palm gives a historical back ground of the crop in the world as also in India , Indian efforts in the development of oil palm , issues and strategies in promoting oil palm development in the country, and the guidelines in the cultivation of oil palm. This book will be a very good guide for growing oil palm successfully and will inspire all those who are interested in Oil Palm cultivation, processing, value addition, organic recycling and also providing eco-friendly environment.

Foreword vii
Preface ix
1. The Oil Palm 1
1.1. Importance of Oil Palm
1.2. Importance of Palm Oil
2. Global Vegetable Oil Scenario 7
2.1. Global Scenario
2.2. Indian Scenario of Vegetable Oils
3. Global Palm Oil Scenario 17
3.1. Harvested Area, Production and Productivity of Palm Oil
3.2. World Major Producers of Palm Oil
3.3. Major Countries Exporting and Importing Palm Oil
3.4. Palm Oil Production in the Asia-Pacific Region
3.5. Future Contribution from Palm Oil
3.6. Global Oil Palm Research
3.7. Oil Palm Research in India
4. Introduction of Oil Palm in India 45
4.1. Why Oil Palm in India?
4.2. Early Introduction of Oil Palm
4.3. Commercial Plantations of Oil Palm
4.4. Reports on Oil Palm Cultivation in India
4.5. Efforts made for Development of Irrigated Oil Palm
4.6. Reservations in Oil Palm Cultivation in India
4.7. Problems that have Affected the Area Development in Oil Palm
4.8. Steps Suggested to Sustain Oil Palm Development
4.9. Way Forward
4.10. To Sum Up
5. Climate and Soil Requirements 73
5.1. Climate
5.2. Soils
6. Origin, Habitat, Distribution and Botany of Oil Palm 93
6.1. Origin
6.2. Habitat
6.3. Distribution
6.4. Botany of Oil Palm
7. Crop Improvement 105
7.1. Oil Palm Breeding
7.2. Improvement Programme
7.3. Breeding Methods
8. Planting Material Production 115
8.1. Hybrid Seed Production
8.2. Clonal Propagation
8.3. Planting Materials
9. Establishment of Nurseries 133
9.1. Nursery Establishment
9.2. Types of Polybag Nurseries
9.3. Planting and After Care
9.4. Fertilizer Application
9.5. Seed and Seedling Handling
9.6. Advanced Nursery Techniques for Primary Nursery
9.7. Management of Flood Affected Oil Palm Nursery
10. Plantation Establishment and Management 151
10.1. Plantation Establishment
10.2. After Cultivation
10.3. Weed Management
10.4. Disaster Management
10.5. Oil Palm Cultivation in Wastelands
11. Water Management 179
11.1. Water Requirement and Water Use Efficiency
11.2. Quantity of Water
11.3. Water Deficiency and its Effects
11.4. Methods of Irrigation
11.5. Drainage Management
11.6. Moisture Conservation Methods
11.7. Water Harvesting
12. Nutrient Management 189
12.1. Nutrient Removal
12.2. Importance of Nutrients
12.3. Fertilizer Recommendations
12.4. Sources of Fertilizers
12.5. Methods of Application
12.6. Frequency of Fertilizer Application
12.7. Fertilizer Application Time
12.8. Soil and Leaf Analysis
12.9. Nutrient Deficiencies
12.10. Disorders
12.11. Yield Gap Analysis
13. Oil Palm Based Cropping/Farming Systems 215
13.1. Multiple Cropping
13.2. Intercropping in Oil Palm
13.3. Mixed Cropping
13.4. Mixed Farming
13.5. Cover Crops
14. Plant Protection 225
14.1. Insect Management
14.2. Disease Management
15. Harvesting, Yield and Handling 241
15.1. Degree of Ripeness
15.2. Bunch Ripeness
15.3. Pre-harvest and Harvest
15.4. The Ripening Process
15.5. Grading Procedures
15.6. Bunch Classifications
15.7. Grading Methods
15.8. Yield
15.9. Cost of Cultivation
15.10. Labour Productivity and Employment Opportunity
16. Processing of Oil Palm Fruits 269
16.1. Milling Technology
16.2. Steps Involved in Processing
16.3. Oil Storage
16.4. Nut Recovery
16.5. Kernel Oil Extraction
16.6. Refining
16.7. Recent Advances in Milling Technology
17. Food and Non-Food Uses of Palm Oil for Nutrition and Health 279
17.1. Food Uses
17.2. Non Food Uses
17.3. Palm Oil for Nutrition
18. Waste Utilization and Environment 287
18.1. Types of Wastes
18.2. Systems Approach for Zero Waste and Zero Discharge in Palm Oil Mill
18.3. Management of Environmental Issues
18.4. Oil Palm and Carbon Sequestration
References 305
Index 311
Color Plates

Dr P. Rethinam obtained his graduation and post-graduation in agriculture from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. He started his career as Research Assistant in 1963, Assistant Lecturer and Assistant Professor up to 1976 at TNAU, Coimbatore and then joined Agricultural Research Service in ICAR in 1976. He became Project Coordinator, (Palms) in 1982 and was responsible for research coordination and management of palms. He was selected as Assistant Director General (Plantation Crops), ICAR, New Delhi in 1988 and coordinated the research on Plantation Crops, Medicinal and Aromatic Crops and Betel vine. He introduced the concept of irrigated Oil Palm as small holders crop. He was founder Director of the National Research Centre for Oil Palm at Pedavegi, A.P. and developed infrastructural facilities in a short time. Dr Rethinam was selected as the Chairman, Coconut Development Board, Kochi, Ministry of Agriculture, and Government of India in the year 2001. He has published 215 articles, co-edited two volumes of books on Recent Advances in Plantation Crops, edited 37 books and many technical bulletins, APCC Proceedings, COCOTECH Proceedings, Noni Search Proceedings and reports, DVDs, CDs of APCC intellectual database, etc.
Dr K. L. Chadha obtained Ph.D (Hort) from IARI, New Delhi. Occupying key positions e.g. Horticulture Commissioner (GoI) and DDG, Hort (ICAR) he steered R&D of horticulture for five decades. During this period, he established a number of Institutes and National Research Centres. He has made significant contributions to the commercialisation of oilpalm in India. He chaired the first working group on potentialities of oilpalm cultivation constituted by Ministry of Agriculture in 1986 and a national committee to review the progress in 2007. These reports suggested potential areas of oilpalm cultivation in 13 states. Most of the recommendations of his group were accepted, and resulted in setting up of large scale demonstrations to motivate farmers with he being the Secretary of the committee constituted by PMO to overview these. He led teams to 8 important oilpalm growing countries in the world to select the best source of planting material. His proposal to set up a NRC on oilpalm was approved by Govt. of India, which was later established at Pedavegi by ICAR. He has written/edited/contributed several books, research papers and popular articles. He received 24 awards, including Padma Shri. He is currently President of the Horticultural Society of India, New Delhi.




  K L Chadha
P Rethinam

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