The Centre for Science and Technology of the Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre) is an inter-governmental organisation with a membership of 47 countries spread over Asia, Africa, Middle East and Latin America. Besides this, 11 S&T agencies and academic / research institutions of Bolivia, Brazil, India, Nigeria and Turkey are the members of the S&T-Industry Network of the Centre. The Centre was set up in 1989 to promote South-South cooperation through mutually beneficial partnerships among scientists and technologists and scientific organisations in developing countries. It implements a variety of programmes including international workshops, meetings, roundtables, training courses and collaborative projects and brings out scientific publications, including a quarterly Newsletter. It is also implementing 8 Fellowship schemes, namely, Joint NAM S&T Centre – ZMT Bremen Fellowship; Joint NAM S&T Centre – ICCBS Fellowship; Joint NAM S&T Centre – DST (South Africa) Training Fellowship on Minerals Processing & Beneficiation; NAM S&T Centre – U2ACN2 Research Associateship in Nanosciences & Nanotechnology; Joint CSIR / CFTRI (Diamond Jubilee) – NAM S&T Centre Fellowship; NAM S&T Centre Research Fellowship; NAM S&T Centre – ACENTDFB Fellowship in Neglected Tropical Diseases and Forensic Biotechnology; NAM S&T Centre - ASRT, Egypt Fellowship Programme. These activities provide, among others, the opportunity for scientist-to-scientist contact and interaction, training and expert assistance, familiarising the scientific community on the latest developments and techniques in the subject areas, and identification of technologies for transfer between member countries. The Centre has so far brought out 79 publications and has organised 113 international workshops and training programmes.
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Foreword v Dr. AV Rama Rao Preface vii Prof. Lucy Ogbadu, Prof. Godwin Ogbadu and Prof. Courtie Mahamadi Introduction ix Prof. (Dr.) Arun P. Kulshreshtha Director General, NAM S&T Centre Strategic Development Programs 1. Advances of Biotechnology in Cuba 3 Marisol Romeu Hernández, CUBA 2. The Mathematical Language in Biotechnology: Case Study 11 Mostafa M. Abo Elsoud, EGYPT 3. Promotion of Biotech Industry in India 19 Keerti Mishra, INDIA 4. The Current Status of Industrial Biotechnology in Nigeria 33 Deborah Asabe Ashigye, NIGERIA 5. The Use of Biotechnology in Zambia 43 Lordwell K. Witika and Jonas Mundike, ZAMBIA 6. Opportunities of Industrial Biotechnology in the Pharmaceutical and Food and Beverage Industry in Advancement of Zimbabwean Industries: Review 57 Travers Chirova, Thamari Sengudzwa and Cephas Mawere, ZIMBABWE 7. Industrial Biotechnology: Then, Now and the Future 67 Chenjerayi Kashangura, ZIMBABWE Specific Biotechnology Efforts — Agriculture 8. The Application of Biotechnology in Aquaculture Value Addition and Beneficiation: Prospect and Challenges in The Gambia 75 Bintou Dibba, GAMBIA 9. The Use of an In vitro Derived Seedling in Indonesian Cocoa Replanting Programme 83 Taryono, INDONESIA 10. Development of an Affordable, Rapid, Sensitive and Specific Field Based PCR Assay for Detection and Quantification of Newcastle Disease (NCD) 99 Willis A. Adero, KENYA, K.G Tirumurugaan and G. Dhinakar Raj, INDIA 11. Study on the Antifungal Activities of Effective Fungi as a Control of Plant Pathogenic Fungi 111 Win Min Than, Khaing Nwe Nwe Oo, Nann Miky Moh Moh, Kyi Pyar Win, Ei Mon Myo, Myat Phyu Khine, Ko Ko Lwin, Win Htun Yin and Aye Aye Khai, MYANMAR 12. Commercialization of Bioorganic Fertilizer for Sustainable Agriculture 127 Buddhi Ratna Khadge, NEPAL 13. A Review on the Role of Tissue Culture in the Propagation of Planting Materials in Zimbabwe: Sweet Potato 133 L.G. Muusha and T.O. Nyarumbu and C. Moffat, ZIMBABWE Industrial 14. Engineering Fatty Acid Biosynthesis Pathway in Microbes for Production of Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids 143 Narendra Kadoo, Smrati Sanghi, Tejas Chirmade, Ashwini Rajwade and Vidya Gupta, INDIA 15. Lipase Production Potential of a Locally Isolated Extreme Halotolerant Aspergillus sp. FIMT2 Strain using Agro-industrial Wastes as Substrate 151 Farizul Hafiz Kasim1, Haliru Musa, Ahmad Anas Bin Nagoor Gunny and Mohammad Azmier Ahmad, MALAYSIA 16. Sri Lankan Finger Millet (Elucine coracana) Variety ‘Raavana’ as Potential Probiotic Source 167 D.M.W.D. Divisekera, J.K.R.R. Samarasekera, J. Goonerathne, C. Hettiarachchi and S. Gopalakrishnan, SRI LANKA 17. Isolation, Characterization and Molecular Identification of New Sudanese Streptomyces spp. Producing Bioactive Secondary Metabolites 185 Abdelhalim Abdullahi Hamza Ahmed, Benjamin R. Clark, Cormac D. Murphy and Elsheik A. Elobiedc, SUDAN 18. Isolation and Evaluation of Streptomyces Species from Harare Agricultural Soils for Production of Vitamin B12 205 Tapiwashe Claudious Madeya, Eunita Chidziya and Cephas Mawere, ZIMBABWE 19. Optimization of Bio-Ethanol Production from Barley Waste Using Response Surface Methodology 217 S. Manhokwe and T. Chikuru, ZIMBABWE 20. Synthesis of Hydraulic Brake Fluid from Jatropha Oil 229 Damascus Masawi, Soloman Manyere and Shelton Magaiza, ZIMBABWE Environment 21. A Comparative Investigation of the Reduction of Coliform Bacteria in Wastewater by Agaricus bisporus, Plerotus sajor-caju and Plerotus ostreatus 239 Eunita Chidziya, Marvelous Chikerema and Shumbeyi Muzondo, ZIMBABWE Industrial Biotechnology: Driving Value Addition and Beneficiation, August, 2017 253 Index 255
Industrial Biotechnology is the application of biotechnology to industrial processes leading to synthesizing and creating innovative products in a sustainable manner. It is one of the most promising new approaches to pollution prevention, resource conservation, cost reduction and creation of new markets while protecting the environment. Most of the countries, including those with emerging economies, acknowledge the role being played by this upcoming area in the conversion of natural resources into value added products of benefit to humans. For example, Industrial Biotechnology can be a game changer in the minerals extraction, metal recovery and entire process chain by providing environmentally friendly higher productivity and yields. In order to gather collective wisdom for use by all the stake holders to accelerate the pace of industrial development and intensely deliberate on the issues concerning potential of industrial biotechnology and the strategies for its exploitation and application across a variety of areas in the developing countries, the NAM S&T Centre in partnership with the Ministry of Higher and Tertiary Education, Science and Technology Development, Zimbabwe and the National Biotechnology Authority (NBA) of Zimbabwe organised the 2nd Training Workshop on ‘Industrial Biotechnology: Driving Value Addition and Beneficiation’ during 22-24 August 2017 in Harare which brought various stake holders, viz. scientists, experts and professionals engaged in R&D, policy making and implementation to a common platform for improving their skills and sharing views and experiences in various aspects of Industrial Biotechnology. This book comprises 21 chapters from the researchers and professionals of 14 countries. The chapters in this book have been categorised in two sections, namely, Strategic Development Programs and Specific Biotechnology Efforts The book is expected to be of great value to the policy experts and technology service providers, business, civil societies and multi-lateral agencies amongst developing countries with the objective of harnessing the benefits of promising Industrial Biotechnology.